This section provides information on how to perform searches and how to improve your search strategy.
1. Search strategy in the Expert Module
1.1 Basic search
In Monocl you can search for a specific area of interest or a specific expert. Simply start typing in the search bar and keywords/experts will be suggested based on what you are typing (see screenshot).
1.2 Search for experts within a specific area of interest
Search by using:
- Keywords (indicated by red square in the screenshot below)
This will include synonyms and generally gives less noise than the free text option.
- Free text (indicated by the the black square in the screenshot below)
This will return all hits for the exact text you have written. Choose a free text word when there is no keyword available.
Add one or multiple keywords and/or free text then hit enter or press the search button to execute the search.
- The keywords hit on the indexed keywords of a research activity (indicated by the red square in the screenshot below).
- The free text hit on the full text of the research activity (not only in the title and abstract indicated by the black square in the screenshot below).
An example of a powerful targeted search strategy is to combine a disease area and a specific target using a combination of indexed keywords and free text.
- Disease + target / receptor / gene:
Asthma (indexed keyword) + foxp3 (free text) + scurfin (free text)
Lymphoma (indexed keyword) + car-t (free text) + chimeric antigen receptor (free text)
- Preclinical Imaging:
Magnetic resonance imaging (indexed keyword) + small animal imaging (free text) + animal disease model (indexed keyword)
1.3 Search for a specific expert
In Monocl you can search for experts simply by typing the name of the expert. When available in Monocl, the name will be present in the drop down list in the search section.
E.g. searching for an expert called Timothy Santos will return all experts with a first or last name corresponding to the text you have entered, including "Timothy Santos" as well as "Timothy De Santos". Note that Monocl does not consider if Timothy sometimes is referred to as simply Tim.
Access the individual expert profile by clicking the name of the expert.
2. Advanced keyword search
Monocl enables you search for experts in a very sophisticated manner and you can modify and improve your search in different ways. Clicking the arrow on a search term allows you to change the boolean logic for your search by choosing between the keyword operators Required and Preferred.
Required search terms must be included in any content mapped to an expert. Thus, if you search with the two search terms "cancer" and "glaucoma" (Keywords or free text), the expert must have research activities (e.g. publications, meeting presentations, clinical trials etc.) in both of these fields in order to appear amongst the search results. He or she does not however need to have both keywords present in the same document, e.g. in the same publication.
When changing the keyword operator to preferred, you indicate that the keyword is one of multiple keywords that could satisfy your request. Searching "cancer" and "glaucoma" with both search terms set as preferred means that the expert must have research activities (e.g. publications, meeting presentations, clinical trials etc.) in either of these fields to be included amongst the search results. Therefore, you almost always get more results when searching using two or more preferred terms, with the potential trade-off of reduced specificity.
Please note that if you only include one preferred search term, it is the equivalent to searching with that single term as required. Setting "cancer" as required and "glaucoma" as preferred would thus generate in the same results as searching with both search terms as required.
For searches in Monocl you do not use boolean search operators and the example below illustrates how searches are translated.
Example 1: Searching with one required and two preferred search terms
In the example above, Colorectal Cancer is chosen to be a required search term, while Leucovorin and Regorafenib are selected as preferred. An expert must thus have performed research within Colorectal Cancer and either Leucovorin or Regorafenib. To facilitate your understanding, the corresponding boolean search and Venn diagram is presented below:
Colorectal Cancer AND (Leucovorin OR Regorafenib)
Example 2: Searching with three required search terms
If all three search terms would be set as required, it would result in a narrower search result:
Colorectal Cancer AND Leucovorin AND Regorafenib
Example 3: Searching with three preferred search terms
By setting all three search terms as preferred, you would get the broadest possible search and be able to identify experts with expertise in any of the three fields:
Colorectal Cancer OR Leucovorin OR Regorafenib
Example 4: Searching with two required and one preferred search terms
Finally, the example above demonstrates the use of merely one preferred search term. This would result in the same outcome as having three required search terms as any preferred search term(s) must be included:
Colorectal Cancer OR Leucovorin AND Regorafenib
3. Search for research activities in the Activity Module including publications, clinical trials and grants
The same search logic applies to the Activity Module as for the Expert Module with one exception:
Expert Module: when you search with several search terms in the Expert Module it is enough for an expert to have "search term x" on one of his/her research activities and "search term y" on another of his/her research activities in order to be included in the result.
Example: searching for Asthma and Foxp3 will return experts that have worked with asthma and foxp3, but not necessarily in the same publication.
Activity Module: when you search with several search terms the returned research activity (publication, trial or grant) is required to include all search terms.
4. Other ways to improve your search
- Monocl has powerful filters which will further improve your analysis process. For further reading, please visit the article for filters.
- Relevant experts may also be identified through browsing professional relations in different research areas and through reviewing collaborations of known experts.